Isn't that great! Instead, they simply email forms to university officials who fill them at will. Even so, private education at the secondary level is growing, with enrollment in private institutions significantly more common in more affluent urban areas, where enrollments in private schools can account for as much as 60 percent of all enrollments. Pakistan is wasting your time and talent. Each of Pakistan’s provinces and the territories under control of the federal government have their own Boards of Intermediate and Secondary Education (BISE) that conduct graduation examinations at the lower-secondary and upper-secondary levels. This phenomenon of rapid educational downfall is very common in 3rd World especially in Sub Continent. Again it may increase their cost to hire those faculty who can conduct quality oriented research science programs that require lab facilities.”. Corruption Rank in Pakistan averaged 109.50 from 1995 until 2019, reaching an all time high of 144 in 2005 and a record low of 39 in 1995. Millions of students need this information. The situation is like you put my name in a paper, I will do your, without knowing abc in the field. Additionally, applicants may have to sit for admission tests or interviews, especially at top-tier institutions. An estimated 22.8 million children aged 5-16 are out-of-school. The 2020 QS Rankings feature the Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences (375), NUST (400), Quaid-i-Azam University (511–520), the Lahore University of Management Sciences (701–750), as well as COMSATS, the University of Engineering and Technology, and the University of the Punjab, all in the 801–1000 band. Respected Sir, as always a clear and honest appraisal of our shameful higher education set up. Pakistan. Wow what an article. This doctored news wrongly draws upon the enormous prestige of Stanford. PAK needs EDUXCATION,EDUCATION AND EDUCATION WITH critical thinking to advance the country. Pakistan has significantly tightened the academic requirements for school teachers in recent years. When it comes to subjects like education, higher education, research, and technology in Pakistan than I call him an authority. Across the world, ranking organisations have been exposed as inconsistent, changing metrics from year to year, and omitting critical pieces of information. The HEC also recognizes some post-secondary madrasah qualifications (shahadatul alia (12+2), shahadatul almiya (12+2+2), and some others) as equivalent to bachelor’s and master’s degrees in Arabic and Islamic studies. Pakistan is the 110 most competitive nation in the world out of 140 countries ranked in the 2018 edition of the Global Competitiveness Report published by the World Economic Forum. Same themes repeated by the writer, with his experience and knowledge of academia; contribution to the country will be more if energies are spend finding solutions. Though there may not be any manipulation of data, but still unethical. To promote a culture of continual quality improvement, the HEC introduced a ranking system that rates HEIs on a scale from W (highest) to X, Y, and Z (lowest) based on criteria like QA mechanisms, teaching quality, or research output. Thanks Professor. Thus rankings are often worthless. Master’s degree with a minimum GPA of 3.0, GAT depending on the program. Articles that even simply lack proper data and statistical analysis. Other provinces are experimenting with comparable examinations, but practices vary across Pakistan. Overall, there are now about 2,900 affiliated colleges in Pakistan. But of course...we have none like Dr Hoodbhoy. Those who fail more than two subjects must repeat the school year. Pakistan plans to increase this figure to 10% by 2015 and subsequently to 15% by 2020. Science, Technology and Innovation. There are few Pakistani universities like NUST, GIK, LUMS, ZABIST and IBA which are amongst the finest. Please Dawn - follow this up with more investigation before all young PK scientists are mistrusted and loose their chances to study overseas. The middle school curriculum features the same subjects as the elementary curriculum, but additional languages like Arabic or Persian may be introduced. I taught at a university in Pakistan for almost six years and witnessed this shamless charlatanism and mediocrity first-hand. They just warm their office chairs and have "chai pe charcha". The language of instruction in higher education is mostly English, but some programs and institutions teach in Urdu. The previous grading scale was a percentage-based 0-100 scale akin to the secondary grading scale. They tell you which university or department is better than which other, both within a country as well as between countries. According to the Global Youth Development Index published by the Commonwealth, a measure which uses the domains of civic participation, education, employment and opportunity, health and well-being, and political participation to gauge the progress of young people, Pakistan ranked only 154th of 183 countries, trailing sub-Saharan African nations like Sierra Leone or Ethiopia. The main federal oversight body in higher education is the Higher Education Commission (HEC), a constitutionally established autonomous institution responsible for the regulation, accreditation, and funding of higher education in the country. As Mark Twain said 'there are lies, damned lies and statistics'. I had never thought to question these rankings certainly not some of the better known ones. Bachelor’s degree (four years, 124–136 credits) or a combined 16 years of education. Because for a layman its very difficult to do research like you to dive at the end and discover the reality. I suggest you create independent council of honest and brilliant counci. Here’s why: generating scientific research papers without knowing any science or doing actual research has been honed into a fine art by academic crooks at home and abroad. Feel free to swallow their poisonous bait but do so at your own risk. Excellent! @ Syed Nazim, If the GoP consult genuine scholars like the author, then the existing system composed of clowns need to be abandoned at all and the GoP can't afford it. Government funding for public higher education, which accounts for about 70 percent of operating costs, is vastly insufficient, especially in light of Pakistan’s debt crisis and recent austerity budgets. By Hamnah Khalid on . Science and religion can't coexist and Pakistan is a core religious state with no critical thinking and new ideas except few. He talked about the decay of Pakistan’s education system and connected it to how the state had played an important role in its collapse. Already established are levels 1 to 4, which define secondary-level national vocational certificates (NVCs) designed to produce semi-skilled workers in a wide variety of vocations, ranging from automotive technicians to electrician or plumber. The data of the UNESCO Institute Statistics often provides the most reliable point of reference for comparison since it is compiled according to one standard method. Pakistan has world's weakest higher education system, say QS rankings With an overall score of 9.2, Pakistan higher education system ranked 50 as compared to India which ranked … The government of Prime Minister Imran Khan, inaugurated in 2018, cut the higher education budget by 37 percent in 2019, while holding back funds previously allotted to the HEC. This piece is for delight of Indians only, should be on one of their fake websites. Cannot recall. This has many pitfalls. There is also a great deal of variety between age cohorts. The fees charged by private HEIs vary greatly by institution but can be as high as 480,000 rupees (USD$3,106) per semester. Data published by the Australian government show that the number of Pakistani students grew almost threefold over the past decade, from 3,512 in 2008 to 10,000 in 2019, making Pakistan one of the top 10 sending countries of tertiary students in Australia. Thank you sir. Quaid-i-Azam University (QAU) is the only Pakistani university to be ranked among the top 500 universities in the world, according to the Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2020. "The ranking should be a lesson for our education policymakers," Shahzad added. Skills standards are developed at the national level by a Qualification Development Committee that is overseen by the National Vocational and Technical Training Commission (NAVTTC). Hope sane voices , which may not be popular , gain importance in Pakistan for the uplift meant of your country. They can be earned by completing formal training programs or non-formal industry-based training, or even through self-learning during employment. There are three different specialization streams in lower-secondary education: science, humanities, and technical. please write more such piece of articles about flaws in Higher Education Commission. Click here for a PDF file of the academic documents referred to below. For more information Click here. I did suspect something wrong every time I saw universities being ranked but did not know these organized rackets promoting individuals and institutions. That list is meaningless for Pakistan. In this article, Prof. Hoodbhoy mainly raised three important points. Pakistan has a relatively young higher education sector. All strengths to you. The credit system stipulated by the HEC and used by most HEIs is a U.S.-style system. While enrollment and retention rates are improving, progress has been slow to improve education indicators in Pakistan. A great insight into a serious issue by the professor that has been around now for many years. According to World Economic Forum’s Global Human Capital Report 2017, Pakistan … As mentioned earlier, after independence, Pakistan then developed its own Boards of Intermediate and Secondary Education (BISE) which were tasked with developing and conducting final examinations at the ends of grades 9 to 12. It should be noted that colleges or teaching institutions in the public sector are bound by the admission requirements set by the degree-awarding university to which they are affiliated. This section offers access to HEC's University Ranking finalised on basis of quality assurance, teaching quality, research, finance and facilities and social integration and community development. Holders of a Master of Law (LLM) degree can practice and are exempt from the period of training and examination. I must confess that I was quite dismissive at that time. A relatively new phenomenon is the establishment of a system of community colleges. Universities have to get out of this number game and focus on learning and knowledge generation. Other changes include the introduction of a new two-year associate degree and the adoption of a U.S.-style semester and credit system. @Indian, Are you sure, India is any different? The goal is to create a system of competency-based, nationally standardized TVET qualifications that are aligned with international standards. Brilliant piece of writing. I agree with you, professor. The Pakistani government estimates that only about a third of children between the ages of three and four participate in formal early childhood education. I have reviewed multiple manuscripts with such issues. A better more workable solution would be to draw a red line as a benchmark. I beg to disagree with the third last paragraph. so focus on your skill, not on your universities' rank. Keep cool. On the brave legacy of yours, this one is also an important information against the So-called supermacy of University Rankings. Less than 6% of those in the age cohort 55-64 have a degree, compared to 8% in the 45-54 age cohort, 11% in the 35-44 age cohort and 16% in the age cohort 25–34. Students are most commonly examined in eight subjects. nice article written by dr hood, i agree with his approaches. I cannot thank Hoodboy Sir and Dawn to bring this wonderful article to light. Only a small fraction of Pakistanis participate in upper-secondary education—merely about a quarter of students transition from grade 10 to grade 11. Please note: Pakistan population is 223 million, and New Zealand has only 5 million people. I have great respect for him and always learned a lot from him. Elementary education is five years in length (grades 1 to 5), followed by three years of middle school (grades 6 to 8), and four years of secondary education, divided into two years of lower-secondary and two years of upper-secondary education (5+3+2+2). I would like to present my thoughts on those points. In the chase of quantity the quality is left far behind! While the integration of these refugees into Pakistan’s already overburdened and dysfunctional school system is a huge challenge, Pakistani authorities have undertaken at least some efforts to provide Afghans with access to higher education. Poverty also plays a major role. Critics, however, consider a uniform school system unrealistic, given the vast economic, linguistic, and religious disparities between Pakistan’s regions. A relatively new credential; not frequently awarded today but expected to become increasingly common in the next few years. @Indus valley, Honest vice chancellor are hounded out. He is right! Wow, Dr. Hoodbhoy! In 2019, the overall pass rate in the SSC exams of the Federal Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education was 84 percent, whereas the pass rate for the private Aga Khan University Examination Board was 96 percent with 46 percent of test takers achieving an overall grade of A or above. Wish all could do better. @Zak, Ltd. (www.compunode.com).Designed for Dawn. The new associate degrees, awarded at affiliated colleges of education and community colleges, are being offered in education. Sir, keep up the good work. To ensure the comparability of qualifications, they are being standardized in a variety of ways. Shanghai statistics are well known all over the world for their fakery. What’s more, since even public colleges are to some extent dependent on tuition fees, many only offer programs in popular fields of study that don’t require large investments in facilities. He noted that this was the culture of the 'nomenclature'. COMSATS Institute of Information Technology (CIIT), Islamabad: Address: Park Road, Islamabad, Pakistan. @Anshuman, 'Excellent article. Bravo Professor - holding a mirror to the racket that is Pakistani 'education'. While Pakistan’s current National Education Policy of 2017 calls for spending to increase to 4 percent, expenditures on education are estimated to have actually decreased to 2.4 percent of GDP in 2018/19. While most madrasahs are unregistered institutions that provide an almost exclusively religious education, focusing on studying the Koran and Arabic and Persian languages, others are formally affiliated with madrasah examination boards and incorporate the compulsory subjects of the national school curriculum. First time in my life I have read the whole article. Occurs everywhere but is most damaging at the lowest levels. That is logistically impossible!! It does not represent scientific acumen or achievement. IK is talker and planner not doer so practical advise despises him. Which are so rare in Pakistan where being mathematical and concrete is usually a slur. A steering body attached to the MFEP—the Inter Board Committee of Chairmen—coordinates curricula and examination-related matters between the different boards. Keep enlightening us with your bold and beautiful writing skills. The traditional English-speaking international study destinations, Australia and the U.S., are currently the top choices among Pakistani degree-seeking students, as per UNESCO statistics. I hope it opens the eyes that will matter. candidates were FRESH PhDs from UK universities, having been funded by HEC. Only one of the four authors, John P.A. General Information . If Pakistan manages to educate and skill this surging youth population, it could harness a tremendous youth dividend that could help to fuel the country’s economic growth and modernization. Their published work inputs numbers from an existing database into a computer that crunches them into a list. All kudos to him. Indicative of such problems, the HEC in 2017 closed down more than 100 doctoral programs over quality concerns. Affiliated colleges, on the other hand, are regulated at the provincial level. While it is the norm for a college to affiliate with just one DAI, some—particularly those with more diverse general programs of study—may be affiliated with more than one institution. Compulsory subjects include Urdu, English, Islamic education (civics for non-Muslim students), and Pakistan studies along with both required and elective courses in the specific stream. Under certain conditions, independent “private candidates” may also be allowed to sit for the exams without attending affiliated schools. Pakistan’s university system may well have crossed the point of no return and be beyond repair. But, after reading your article , what is the credibility of that news. These days we are seeing references to that report in promoting various professors. @ Syed Nazim, GOP never takes advise of this wise man because he is practical. Beyond english, I am also sure they can pass GRE subject test either. After it was re-introduced, the number of private HEIs grew substantially, helping to absorb the rising demand for higher education. In total, there are 28 public exam boards across Pakistan’s provinces and jurisdictions. What a gem he is, yet universities are being run by biased, ignorant so-called professor. The Prof also warned us about the potential for similar challenges in India. Such fatuous fabrications are galore. The qualifications awarded by these institutions are examined by the madrasah boards. Conversely, in the urban and more affluent Islamabad Capital Territory, merely 12 percent of children are not in school. Instead of making our institutions strong we kept making leaders strong and normalized the culture of corruption and fraud. Don't know why Indian government is not taking advice from him. It is a fundamental right accorded by Article 25 A of the constitution. This is also an eye opener for a common Indian like me to not rely on these lists. All the rot began with Dr. Atta. Make Pervez Hoodbhy minister for education in Pakistan to set high standards in the education system that could lead to bright future for every hard working students in the country. The British Council, for instance, expects Pakistan to be among the top 10 growth countries worldwide until 2027, despite an overall cooling of international student mobility on a global scale. This speeds up their promotions and brings in cash. In recent years, the HEC has taken increased steps to enforce institutional compliance with QA regulations, amid scathing criticism of academic quality in Pakistan from education professionals and the public alike. Entry to the practice of law requires the completion of a five-year Bachelor of Laws (LLB) program, followed by a period of practical training and passing an examination conducted by one of Pakistan’s provincial Bar Councils. Most public universities, by contrast, are large multi-faculty research institutions that offer a full range of academic programs, including PhD programs, which are almost exclusively offered by public DAIs. Studying abroad can open immigration pathways in countries like Australia or Canada, while a foreign degree gives those that return a competitive edge on the Pakistani labor market. Citations score of Pakistanis is similar to "recommend" score for comments here at Dawn. But at the end you have a scientifically sound and important work that you can be proud of ! Consider that Karachi is projected to become the third-largest city in the world with close to 32 million people by the middle of the century. Admission to secondary education requires completion of middle school (grade 8) as well as a passing score on provincial grade 8 examinations, depending on the jurisdiction. Prestigious private institutions like Aga Khan University and the Lahore University of Management Sciences, Pakistan’s first private universities, are among the country’s top institutions. Both the federal and provincial governments are seeking to increase ECE participation rates, but progress is slow. While most aspects of early childhood, elementary, and secondary education are now administered at the provincial level, the Ministry of Federal Education and Professional Training (MFEP) in Islamabad continues to set overarching education policies and quality standards. Authorized DAIs are mostly chartered universities but also include research institutes or military academies. Participation in Education. Dear Sir, I heard Prof Hoodbhoy speak in JNU - I think it may have been 2003 or 04. These are the best universities in Pakistan based on the Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2021 . Islamiyat (Islamic studies) is a core subject up through lower-secondary school and is seen as critical to the inculcation of Islamic values in both personal development and the formation of a national identity. Even though the roughly 2 percent rate is now slowing, the country’s population is estimated to reach 403 million by 2050 (UN median range projection). A clerical mistake might explain a one-off report. A lack of trained teachers and teacher absenteeism are the other most often cited problems. The exam is graded on the 0-100 scale shown below. Around 44 percent of these students are enrolled in undergraduate programs, 35 percent in graduate programs, and 4 percent in non-degree programs, while 17 percent pursue Optional Practical Training. Students and their parents run after ratings and feel proud. Many University Professors were killed during Bangladesh Liberation Struggle. Currently the sixth most populous country in th… According to Human Rights Watch, 32 percent of girls of elementary school age are out of school, compared with 21 percent of boys. We were telling this to everyone since decades the problem is when professors retire they write such claim. It’s crucial to understand that huge socioeconomic disparities exist in Pakistan not only between rural and urban regions, but also between the country’s diverse provinces. That’s a total lie! Given what few genuine academics Pakistan has, no satisfactory answer exists. How to separate the wheat from the chaff? An amazing, eye-opening, mind-boggling, jaw-dropping and soul-searching article for all domestic and global academics, professors and extended faculty members. There are currently 209 recognized degree-awarding institutions (DAIs), up from 59 in 2001 and 139 in 2010. You are one in a thousands to discover the truth and speak it loudly. In the World University Ranking 2020, QAU Islamabad is the only Pakistani university among top 500. Thanks.' Any research publication in a journal with an Impact Factor of less than 5 be rejected out rightly while considering promotion/awards. Unbelievable really. Your writings are brilliant and so mathematical. Sir India and Bangladesh needs a person like you. Credit hours are sometimes simply listed on academic transcripts without denoting whether the study was theoretical or practical. Most so-called professors in Pakistan don't even deserve to sit in an under-graduate class at a decent school let alone teach one. There are also sizable numbers of international students from various countries coming to Pakistan to study at Islamic universities or madrasahs. Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences PIEAS ranked 373 and Quaid-i-Azam University ranked 454. However, Raking academies don't seems an easy task. Everyone (except the student) makes a fast buck. @ Syed Nazim, Take a guess. Titles of qualifications must also include the type (certificate or diploma) and the occupation (for example, National Vocational Certificate Level 1 in Hospitality). Consider: three weeks ago, newspaper headlines across Pakistan blazed with soul-lifting news. 2nd T20I, Pakistan in New Zealand, 3 T20I Series, 2020/21 at Hamilton, Dec 20, 2020 Even so, access to colleges remains heavily skewed toward urban areas. I strongly suspect that there are such cases here in India too. To put these rates into regional perspective, the secondary GER in both India and Bangladesh is 73 percent, and as high as 98 percent in Sri Lanka (UNESCO statistics). These gatekeepers shunt out all genuine academics lest they be challenged from below. in our country, Pakistan, most students, and teachers think in the way that the higher the rank of a university the brighter the future of a student, the above-given references prove that the ranking list, on which we have blind beliefs and from where we judge universities, is not at all transparent and behind it there is no any true investigation done. Easier to be a fraud than actually achieve something through hard work. At the second stage, the stuff produced has to be published, for which clever professors have developed 99 tricks. TVET in Pakistan is provided in various forms, from informal industry-based apprenticeship programs to secondary-level skills certificate and diploma programs of one or two years, as well as 10+3 programs that straddle secondary and post-secondary levels. Here are the Pakistani universities included in the World University Ranking 2020. Once upon at time long ago one expected some honesty among academics. you did not read the article. Like other countries on the Indian subcontinent, Pakistan used to have bachelor’s degree programs that were only two or three years in length—a short duration by international standards. Secondary education consists of two years of lower-secondary education (grades 9 and 10) followed by two years of upper-secondary education, typically called intermediate education (grades 11 and 12). 14 of Pakistani universities made it to the list of THE World university ranking for 2020. It must be read by our big wigs in higher education to know the difference between fake and original research. Since HEIs rely heavily on non-tenured lecturers, the percentage of teaching staff with PhDs is consequently low. @ Syed Nazim, because the same type of crooks are also ruling in government and keeping out any decent people from academia and politics . Excellent analysis As you rightly surmise , alas, we are too far gone . For the past many decades no govt. Unknown for research or teaching, AWKUM is top-most for violent intolerance. For example, science group students typically take chemistry, physics, and mathematics; those in the pre-medical group take biology, physics, and chemistry. Like neighboring India, Pakistan has a higher education system made up of relatively few degree-granting universities but close to 3,000 colleges and other teaching institutions that are affiliated with these universities. And additional 3 to 9 months for the peer-review process and revisions. I am personally witness to this ugly trend in higher education in Pakistan and have been writing about it. Undergraduate admissions criteria in Pakistan vary by institution, but the HSSC/Intermediate Examination Certificate is nearly always required, although applicants may sometimes also be admitted based on technical board diplomas, depending on the program. Offered primarily in applied subject areas to train paraprofessionals to meet local labor needs, as well as a pathway to further study. One credit hour of laboratory or practical work requires three contact hours per week throughout the semester. Save some breath for Times Higher Education which declared Abdul Wali Khan University in Mardan as Pakistan’s top university. That said, there are sizable numbers of international students from Muslim-majority developing countries like Somalia, Sudan, Yemen, and, most notably, neighboring Afghanistan, who pursue studies in Pakistan, where they can access education of higher quality than they can at home. I am from academia. Your observation is absolute and infinite truth. In 2018, there were 40,210 students studying wholly in Pakistan for U.K. qualifications, making Pakistan the fourth-largest British TNE market worldwide. National Vocational and Technical Training Commission (NAVTTC), Education in the United States of America, Higher Secondary School Certificate (HSSC); Intermediate Certificate; A Levels or other equivalent qualification, Awarded in primarily applied fields of study, Bachelor’s degree programs (with exemptions/transfer credit) in a related field of study. Spot on Dr. Hoodbhoy. Stanford University has not sanctioned any such report. Publishing in a decent journal is incredibly hard. @Zak, Please keep writing. Hundreds of students cheered as he was dragged naked across the campus. While that number is dwarfed by the more than 330,000 degree-seeking students from neighboring India, consider that Pakistan’s outbound mobility ratio—the percentage of international students among all students—is almost three time as high (2.7 percent in 2017) as that of India (1 percent). Subject areas to train paraprofessionals to meet local labor needs, as always, i personally. 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